Bone Cancer Types, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Bone Cancer Types, Symptoms and Diagnosis

Bone Cancer Types, Symptoms and Diagnosis
bone cancer, bone cancer symptoms, types of bone Cancer,  bone Cancer diagnosis. 

1. What is Bone Cancer
 2. Types of Bone Cancer
     3. Bone Cancer Symptoms
   4. Bone Cancer Diagnosis

What is Bone Cancer?


'Bone cancer' mainly means destroying bone tissues of bone of deadly tumor. All bone tumors are not cancerous. In fact, non-cancerous tumors are more common among cancerous tumors.

Bone cancer is mainly divided into two parts: primary and secondary bone cancer. Primary bone cancer begins in bone cells, and secondary bone can start from anywhere and then spreads across the body bones.

The tumor of the primary bone starts in the bone. The primary bone cancer is called 'sarcoma'. Sorcoma cancers are those that start in bone, muscle, fibrous tissue, blood vessels, adipose tissues as well as some other tissues. It can grow anywhere in the body. Most bone cancers are called 'sarcoma'.



Types of Bone Cancer 


There are many different types of bone cancer or bone tumors. Their names are kept on the basis of tissues surrounding the bone or bone, which are affected by the infection, as well as the names of tumor-making cells.


1. Osteosarcoma:


Osteosarcoma (also known as osteogenic sericoma) is the most common and primary bone cancer. This cancer starts in the cells of the bone and often occurs between young people between the ages of 10 to 30 years. It is rare in middle-aged people and it is more in men than in women. Tumors affected by osteogenic sericoma often develop in the hands, pains and pelvis (pelvicis) bones.


2. Chondrosarcoma:


Kondrosaroma is the cancer of the cartilage cells. This is the second most common type of bone cancer. This cancer is rare in people younger than 20 years of age. Risk of 'chondrosarcoma' increases after 20 years of age and up to 75 years of age. The likelihood of this cancer is in men as much as in men. Kondrocaroma can make its appearance in cartilage cells anywhere. Condorosarcoma mostly develops in the bones such as pelvic, leg bone or arm bone.


3. Ewing Sarkoma:


Ewing tumor is the third most common and primary type of bone cancer, and it is the second most common cancer for children, adolescence and young adults. Most ewing tumors develop in bones, but they can also start in other tissues and organs. This cancer may develop in the most common organs of the body such as the pelvic, around the cervix (such as ribs or shoulders) and long bones of the feet and hands. This cancer is the most common in children and adolescents and it is rare to be in people over 30 years of age.


4. Malignant fibrous histiocytoma


Malignant fibros histiocytoma often starts in soft tissue than bones. When bones are affected by malignant fibros histiocytoma, it usually affects feet (often around the knees) or arms. This type of cancer is often done in elderly and middle-aged adults and is rare in children. Malignant fibros histiocytoma mostly develops in its immediate surroundings, but it can spread to any part of the body, such as lungs.


5. Fibrosarcoma


This is another type of cancer that is more developed in soft tissues than bones. Adults in the elderly and middle age are usually affected by 'fibrosarcoma'. 'Fibrosarcoma' affects the bones of the feet, hands and jaws most.



Bone Cancer Symptoms


The symptoms of bone cancer are as follows: -

1. Pain:


Complaints of pain in affected bone are common in Bone Cancer patients. The primary pain due to this is not in control. At the time of the night or when bone is used, the pain situation worsens. As the cancer grows, the pain persists all the time. Pain increases with activity and if a person's legs are involved in it, then he may also be lame.


2. swelling:


Swelling in the area of ​​pain can not be even after one week but it is possible that in the area where you are suffering, you are likely to feel lump or mass, which can be a tumor.


3. Fracture:


Bone cancer can make the bone weak, in which it develops, but most often it is found that fractures do not occur in the bones. Oily cancer-affected people usually experience severe pain in one part of their life, whatever May be painful for months.


4. Numbness:


In the cancer-affected spine bones, cancerous tumors can suppress nerves, causing numbness and tingling or weakness.


5. Causes of cancer can cause weight gain and tiredness. Along with this, if the cancer spreads in the internal organs of the body, then it can also cause other symptoms. For example, if cancer spreads in the lungs, then you may have trouble breathing.



Diagnosis of Bone Cancer


1. X-ray:


Most bone cancers, appear on X-ray. Due to the presence of cancer in the bones, the bones that are solid can appear as 'Khurkhura'. Cancer can also appear in the form of holes in the bone. Occasionally doctors can see tumors in the affected bone, which can spread to the surrounding tissues.


2. CT scan


CT scans are very helpful in staging cancer. CT scan shows you that your bone cancer spreads Or not in your lungs, liver, or other organs. CT scans help to see lymph nodes and distant parts of the body, where metastatic cancer may be present.


3. MRI scan: 


The best test is to underline the tumor of the MRI scan bone. This test is especially useful in seeing the brain and spinal cord.


4. Radionuclide bone scan:


If the cancer has spread from one bone of the body to other bones, then this process helps in looking at it. It can search 'metastas' before regular X-rays. Along with this, radionuclide bone scan can show how much damage has occurred in bone due to primary cancer.


5. PET Scan


PET scan is useful in looking for cancer throughout the body. PET scans are sometimes successful in telling whether tumors are cancerous or not. To understand some types of cancer better, PET scan is done with CT scan.


6. Biopsy


There is a sample of the tissue taken from the 'biopsy' tumor so that it can be tested with the help of a microscope. Biopsy is the only way to show that related tumor is cancer or other bone disease. If there is cancer anywhere in the body then the doctor can know by 'biopsy' whether it is cancer of a primary bone or has started from somewhere and has spread to the bones. 
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