Heart Failure: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

Heart Failure: Causes, Symptoms and Treatment

What is Heart Failure

Due to heart failure in some peoples, the heart is unable to pump enough blood to support other parts of the body. In other people, the heart muscles become rigid and hard, which inhibits or decreases blood flow to the heart failure can affect the right, left or both parts of your heart. It is either intense or runs for long periods of time.

Symptoms of acute failure of the heart suddenly appear but their effect is quickly eliminated. This usually happens after a heart attack or due to the problem in the valve of the heart (which controls blood flow).

Due to heart failure, your heart cells can stretch so that they can take more blood from other parts of your body. It works for some time but after some time it will weaken your heart's walls. If this happens then the fluid will start accumulating in your hands, ankles, legs, lungs and other organs.

Types of Heart Failure

Failure of the heart can occur in the right or left part of your heart and Both parts of your heart may also fail.

1. Left-sided heart failure:
Failure of the left part of the heart is the normal type of heart failure. The left ventricle of the heart is located in the lower part of your heart. It provides oxygenated blood to the body. The failure of the left part of the heart occurs when the blood does not pump in the left ventricular way of the heart. Because of this, the body does not get enough oxygenated blood and the blood is stored in the lungs, which causes problems in breathing.

2. Right-sided  heart failure:
The right ventricle of the heart transmits blood to the lungs and takes oxygen from them. When the right part of the heart does not work in this manner then the failure of the right part of the heart becomes a failure. Due to the failure of the left side of the heart, blood is deposited in the lungs, due to which the right part of the heart has to work more. Due to this pressure the, right side of the heart fails. Failure of the right part of the heart can also be due to lung disease.

More Types of Heart Failure

3. Systolic Heart Failure:
When the heart muscles are not normally contracted and oxygenated blood flow to the body is reduced, it is called systolic heart failure.

4. Diastolic Heart Failure:
When your heart is normally contracted but the ventricle of your heart is not loosely so that your heart gets less blood and the pressure increases in your lungs. Due to this, the fluid gets accumulated in your lungs, legs, and stomach.

Stages of Heart Failure

1. Stage A: When you are at risk of having heart failure, you have high BP, diabetes, Coronary Artery Disease - CAD or metabolic syndrome and you have Cardiotoxic Drug Therapy, Drinking alcohol, rheumatic fever, cardiomyopathy, family history, you are in this stage.

2. Stage B: If you have never felt the symptoms of heart failure but you do not have systolic left ventricular dysfunction and you have heart attacks, valves or you have been suffering from cardiomyopathy or you may have stage B.

3. Stage C: If you have heart failure and have trouble breathing, fatigue and exercise, you may have stage C.

4. Stage D: If you have systolic heart failure and feel serious symptoms then you have stage D.

Heart Failure Symptoms

1. Excessive fatigue
2. Suddenly weight gain
3. Not feeling hungry
4. Persistent cough
5. Irregular pulse
6. Palpitations (palpitations; abnormally fast heartbeat)
7. Abdomen swelling
8. Trouble breathing
9. Swelling of feet and ankles
10. Nervous.

Heart Failure Causes 

1. Coronary Artery Disease:
It is a disease of arteries that provides oxygen and blood to the heart. If the arteries are blocked or collapsed then the blood flow to the heart decreases and the heart does not pump blood.

2. Heart attack: 
If the coronary artery stops suddenly, then the blood from the heart muscles stops. This is causes of heart failure.

3. Cardiomyopathy:
Problems related to cardiovascular arteries and blood flow; Infection; Due to drinking and drug abuse the heart may be damaged. Due to many other diseases and family problems, heart failure may also occur.

4. High blood pressure: 
Due to high blood pressure, the heart has to work more than normal to spread blood in the body. When this happens for more time, the heart muscles become thick due to additional work. Due to this, the heart muscles become stiff or weak and it becomes difficult to pump blood.

5. Problems in the heart valves: 
The valves of your heart give proper direction to blood flow. Any heart problems, Coronary Artery Disease, due to cardiac-related infection, your heart has to work extra due to damaged valves. For more time when this happens, your heart may be weak due to additional work. Damaged valves can be replaced or cured.

6. Myocarditis
Inflammation caused by the virus in the heart muscles, which can lead to heart failure, is called myocarditis.

7. Arrhythmia
Growth of the heart rate due to the abnormal heartbeat, which causes your heart to work more. For more time when this happens, your heart may become weak due to excessive work and heart failure. If the heart rate is slowed then your heart will not get enough blood and the risk of heart failure will increase.

8. Diseases such as HIV, Hyperthyroidism, Hypothyroidism, Hemochromatosis, and amyloidosis (accumulation of proteins) can also cause heart failure.

9. Such viruses which affect the heart muscles, cardiac-related severe infections, allergic reactions, blood clots in the lungs, such medicines or diseases that affect the entire body, all of these can cause heart failure.

Heart Failure Treatment

Heart failure is a long-lasting disease. Treatment can improve heart failure symptoms. In some cases therapists treat the major cause of heart failure such as heart failure, heart valve can be treated. In most people, medicines and some devices are used to treat heart failure, so that the problem of heartbeat and heart muscle contraction can be treated.

1. Coronary Bypass Surgery:
A blood vessel with your legs, arms or chest leads to a blocking artery of your heart so that blood flows to the heart.

2. Replace or fix valve: 
If your heart failure is caused by a faulty valve, then your doctor will advise you to correct or replace your valve. Valve replacement is performed when it is not possible to fix the valve. In valve replacement surgery, damaged valves are replenished by artificial valves. Now the valve replacement or the valve can be done using Minimally Invasive Surgery and Cardiac Catheterization without the Open Heart Surgery.

3. Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators(ICD):
ICD is a device similar to a pacemaker. ICD controls the heart rate. If your heart stops working, the ICD fixes it.

4. Cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT):
A biventricular pacemaker gives electrical signals to the lower chambers of the heart (left and right ventricles) so that they pump the blood in a better way. Most people suffering from heart failure have problems in the electrical system of the heart so that already weak muscles of their heart cannot work in the coordinated form. A biventricular pacemaker is often used with ICD in people suffering from heart failure.

5. Heart Pump
It is a mechanical device such as a Ventricular Assist Device (VAD). They are inserted into the stomach or chest and it is connected to the heart. This weak heart helps to pump blood throughout the body. VAD is mostly used in the left part of the heart, but it is also used in the right part or both parts of the heart. VAD is used for transplantation. For those who can not get a heart transplant, it is very beneficial.

6. Heart Transplant
Some people have serious heart failure in which medicines and surgery do not work. Such patients have to transplant their heart. Heart transplantation is very beneficial for some people with heart failure.

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