Measles: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Precautions

Measles: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Precautions

Measles: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment and Precautions

Table of Content

  • 1. What is Measles?  
  • 2. Causes of Measles.
  • 3. Symptoms of Measles.
  • 4. Treatment of Measles 
  • 5. Measles Prevention.

What is Measles?

Measles is a highly infectious disease. Measles is spread through the Measles Virus. The patient gets the first sore throat and then there is a fever. What is measles?

Measles is spread through respiration. The infection is effective for an average of 14 days, and 2-4 days before it starts releasing the rash, it is infected for the next 2-5 days. Its effect does not come from the day of infection, but it happens several days later.

It is one of the most infectious diseases. Many non-immunosuppressant people (who have not been vaccinated) become victims of this respiratory disease due to exposure to its virus.

With two doses of measles vaccine, this disease can be avoided. What is measles? This disease is the highest in children from 9 months to 10 months.

Causes of Measles

Measles is a highly infectious disease caused by a paramyxovirus. Due to the cough, sneezing, breathing and nasal bleeding of the infected person, it also spreads through the small droplets to the other person. Causes of measles. Apart from this, after contact with the virus, finger in the mouth, rubbing the nose, touching the eyes also results in infection which causes the person to suffer from measles. Nearly 90 percent of people get infected with this problem due to the presence of this virus in another person. But viruses that cause irreversible measles of the influenza virus do not last long. These are produced in the air and are more contagious.

Measles infections spread due to the following reasons:-

  • 1. By touching it in an object within two hours of causing the virus.
  • 2. In the physical contact of the infected person.
  • 3. By touching the infected place with the infected person's cough, saliva, sublevel or touching it.

A person suffering from this disease may have to face many difficulties. Causes of measles. It can lead to many serious problems including diarrhea, vomiting, eye infection and ear infections, hepatitis.

Symptoms of Measles 

Approximately 14 days after exposure to the virus, symptoms of measles begin to appear. Initially, it is usually only a slight fever, but later it becomes severe and persists for several days. But when the rash starts appearing on the body then the fever does not persist continuously.

The symptoms of measles are the following:-

  • 1. Coughing in the throat
  • 2. Fever
  • 3. Red eyes
  • 4. Be sensitive to light
  • 5. Muscular pain
  • 6. Running nose
  • 7. Sore throat
  • 8. White spots fall into the mouth. 

Apart from this, red rashes arise in the back of the ear which spread to the head and neck. After a few days, they spread on the whole body, including the red spots. As these red rashes grow, they surround the whole body. In this condition, itching begins in the body.

Treatment of Measles

There is no specific treatment for measles. But if this disease is not serious then the doctor usually recommends sufficient rest and plenty of fluids in order to prevent the body from dehydration. The symptoms of measles usually end within 7 to 10 days.

There are some general treatments of measles are available for measles. To reduce the body temperature of the sufferer's patient, it is given a medicine called Tylenol or ibuprofen which helps to control fever, pain, and cramps in the body. If a child with measles is under 16 years of age, then he should not have aspirin.

Addition to controlling muscular pain, medicine acetaminophen is given. Doctors recommend taking adequate amounts of food containing Vitamin A, including drinking enough water. treatments of measles. If a child aged more than 12 months suffers from measles, then mix them with lemon juice and two teaspoons of honey in a glass of warm water. But if the child is less than two years then he should not feed honey. Feed supplements containing Vitamin A to children under 2 years of age. It helps a lot to reduce the symptoms of measles.

Measles Prevention

Use vaccines of measles

Under the Hong Kong Childhood Immunization Program, children are given a vaccine for ages 1 and at primary 1, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR).

It takes about two weeks after vaccination in the development of immunity against Measles. Measles prevention.

  • 1. Keep your hands clean.
  • 2. Cover the nose and mouth with a tissue paper during sneezing or coughing.
  • 3. Clean and disinfect the frequent seepings such as furniture and toys.
  • 4. Consult the doctor immediately after symptoms of measles develop.
  • 5. Avoid going to work or going to school for four days after the rash, to prevent the spread of infection.

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