Symptoms and Risk Factors of Ovarian Cancer

Symptoms and Risk Factors of Ovarian Cancer

Symptoms and Risk Factors of Ovarian Cancer


What is Ovarian Cancer?

Ovarian cancer starts in the ovaries. Ovaries are reproductive glands found in women. Ovaries produce eggs for breeding. Eggs go from the fallopian tubes to the uterus where the fertilized egg enters and develops into the embryo. The ovary is also the main source of female hormones - estrogen and progesterone.

Ovarian cancer is becoming a common problem in women of growing age. In all other cancers occurring in women, the chance of developing cancer cells in Overy is approximately 4%. Although it is fast-growing cancer and is becoming the leading cause of death among women. Nearly three-fourths of women are diagnosed on the third or fourth stage.


Types of ovarian cancer 

1. Epithelial Ovarian Cancer
This is the most common type of ovarian cancer. About 90 percent of the ovaries in the ovaries are epithelium.

2. Ovarian Teratoma
This is a type of germ cell tumour. Having cancerous teratoma is a rare situation and it often happens in women between 20 and 25 years.

3. Granulosa Tumour Of The Ovary
It is a type of stromal tumour and it is diagnosed only in women with ovarian cancer in only 5 women.

4. Primary Peritoneal Cancer
It is a rare cancer of peritoneum. The most common type of ovary cancer is similar to epithelial cancer.

5. Fallopian Tube Cancer
This cancer is rare. It is only 1% of cancer in the female reproductive system.

6. Borderline Ovarian Tumours
These tumours are abnormal cells which are formed in tissues covering the ovaries. These are not cancerous and usually,y recover from surgery.


Ovarian Cancer Early Symptoms

The following symptoms may appear in ovarian cancer:

  • 1. Irregular periods.
  • 2. Unwanted hair growth anywhere on the body.
  • 3. Having problems during pregnancy.
  • 4. Suddenly obesity increases.
  • 5. Feeling fullness or inflammation in the stomach.
  • 6. Chronic pain in the stomach
  • 7. Too many gases, diarrhoea
  • 8. Complaining of pelvic pens.
  • 9. Come back to the waist pain or sourness.
  • 10. A complaint of pain during intercourse.
  • 11. Excessive urination of urine.
  • 12. Sudden weight loss.
  • 13. Vaginal bleeding.

All these symptoms of ovarian cancer can be caused by any other problem other than cancer. Be sure to show your doctor if there is any abnormality.


Stages of Ovarian Cancer 

From the stage of any cancer, it shows how much it is spreading and which method will be better for treatment.

Stage 1: Cancer is limited to one or both ovaries.
Stage 2: Cancer spreads to the pelvis.
Stage 3: cancer has spread to the stomach.
Stage 4: Cancer spreads out of the stomach or to other organs.


Risk Factors of Ovarian Cancer 

To be a child
By giving birth to a baby before the age of 26, the risk of developing ovarian cancer decreases, as is breastfeeding. However, the birth of the first child over 35 years is associated with a little risk.

Late menopause
Late menopause is also associated with a high risk. It may be that there is a large number of ovulatory cycles in the development of these cancers. Ovulation causes inflammation, and inflammation is associated with cancer, but the exact mechanism is still unknown.

Surgery
Tubal ligation surgery can reduce the risk of ovarian cancer by up to 70 percent in some studies, although the mechanism is not clear for this. Having a hysterectomy decreases the risk by approximately one-third.

Endometriosis
Endometriosis, a condition in which the uterine (endometrial) tissue increases outside the uterus, is associated with a greater risk of ovarian cancer.

Birth control
Conversely, taking oral contraceptives (pill) reduces your risk by up to 50 percent, the longer duration of use with greater reduction. This reduction in risk is continuing for at least 30 years after the bullet closure. Birth control shot (Depo-Provera) is also associated with less risk.

Estrogen therapy
It can increase or decrease the risk of ovarian cancer, which depends on the type. Hormonal Replacement Therapy (HRT) can increase your risk of ovarian cancer, but only if you take estrogen-only medicines. Joint estrogen/progesterone does not appear to increase HRT risk.

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Unknown
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25 May 2019 at 05:15 ×

Nice article

Congrats bro Unknown you got PERTAMAX...! hehehehe...
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